Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar and is called the holy month. While traditionally a sacred period devoted to prayers, fasting, and charity. Its a time of the year to renew one’s spiritual commitment to his religion.
Ramadan is an important time for Muslims all over the world. Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) received Allah’s message during Ramadan. Allah(glorified and exalted be He) revealed the Quran, to prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him)during the holy month of Ramadan.
If any Muslim is asked, what they appreciate about Ramadan, they would give similar answers. They will mention the spiritual strength they feel as they fast and pray.
History: Before the advent of Islam in Arabia, there is mention of festivals as well as some others among the Arabs. The Israelites had festivals as well, some directly prescribed in the Torah and others commemorating important days of their history.
Eid al-Fitr was originated by the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is observed on the first of the month of Shawwal at the end of the month of Ramadan, during which Muslims undergo a period of fasting.
According to certain traditions, these festivals were initiated in Medina after the migration of Muhammad from Mecca.
When the Prophet arrived in Madinah, he found people celebrating two specific days in which they used to entertain themselves with recreation and merriment. He asked them about the nature of these festivities at which they replied that these days were occasions of fun and recreation. At this, the Prophet remarked that the Almighty has fixed two days [of festivity]instead of these for you which are better than these: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha
For Muslims, both the festivals of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha are occasions for showing gratitude to Allah and remembering Him, as well as giving alms to the poor.
We Muslims believe that the gates to heaven are open during Ramadan: Good deeds are richly rewarded and it is easier to enter paradise than other times of the year: Simultaneously the gates of hell are closed and all devils chained up behind them. In Ramadan the devils are not loose to lure people into trouble, so it is especially easy to do good deeds instead of the bad ones.
True believers pray more than usual during Ramadan. According to Islamic teaching, prayer functions as a way of fulfilling the needs of the spirit, just as food, water and exercise fulfill the needs of the body. Prayers put believers in touch with Allah (glorified and exalted be He), helping them remember his greatness and think of ways they can develop good qualities in themselves.
Prayer is an opportunity to think about one’s life and see how one’s actions meed with Allah’s (glorified and exalted be He) desires.
Adult Muslims are expected to fast during daylight hours during Ramadan. They eat a light meal before dawn, then go without food or drink all day until sunset.
The end of Ramadan is celebrated with a festival called Eid-ul-Fitr “Festival of the Breaking of the Fast” which end Ramadan every year.
Before the Eid festival, everyone gives money to charity and there are special prayers held at the mosque.
Muslim families gather and give each other gifts, a special fair is held for the community.