History of Habra


Habra Rail Station

The town Habra is medium in size having a settlement of massive influx of displaced persons since partition of India & Pakistan caused it to emerge out as a town and started agriculture, fisheries, small scale household industries and trading for their livelihood and day by day they built up their sociol-economic status which imparted the rural area into urban in character. Habra, being a relatively new place inhabited mostly by settlers from across the border, it has few heritages like Nagarthuba Rajbari-where the relics still exist, Belgoria mosque one of the oldest mosque located at ward no 1 and was  built in 19th  century,  Nilkuti  house was built  for indigo cultivation in 19th century. It is fabled that once there were some traces of Buddhist living in the area.

Old habra from a family album

Old Habra photograph, from a family album

Geographically the town has well-connection with its Linkage and Communication with the state capital, Kolkata and other important town that helps it to emerge as a good market centre and a vibrant town nearby to Kolkata which encourage people to migrate as well as causes overcrowd in the town. It is 45 km from Sealdah Station and 25 km from Barasat on the Sealdah-Bangaon branch line of Eastern Railway.[6] It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system. Habra, Gobordanga and Bangaon local connects this town to Sealdah Station and other stations of the Sealdah-Bangaon branch line. Habra Station Road is directly connected on NH 35 (Jessore Road).It is a major railway station between bangaon and barasat railway station.
As a result it is a great challenge to this Municipality to accommodate and place these migrated people mostly in slum populated areas in good service and better governance. The aim and object of this Municipality is now to up lift the sociol-economic status of the poor people mostly in slum areas and acquaint them with the sphere of modernization in all respect and at par with other citizen in the Town.
Habra Municipality is situated within Habra Police Station under Barasat Sub-Division in the district of North 24–Parganas of West Bengal. It was established in 1979 with a Government nominated Board. Initially nineteen wards were carved out of Panchayet areas to make way for the Municipality. The mouzas included with it are Habra, Kamarthuba, Joygachi, Hatthuba, Kamarthuba, Ashrafabad Hijalpukur, Nagarthuba, Haria and Akrampur. At that time population of Habra Municipality was 72,500 approx. Later, three more mouzas viz. Ayra, Belgoria and Daharthuba included out of panchayat areas. Currently this Municipality has an area of 21.82 sq. km and population as per census 2011 is 1,47,221.

Sree Chaitanya College, Habra occupies a very distinguished status in the higher education map of the district of North 24 Parganas as well as of the state of West Bengal. The institution with its imposing building-structures amid a lush green of more than 20 acres of land, overlooking Jessore Road (NH 35), is about 40 km from Kolkata. The college was established in 1956, primarily to cater the need of the thousands of hapless youth who, owing to partition of the country were forced to settle almost as paupers in this part of the state but had nourished deep in their hearts an inextinguishable urge to pursue higher education to overcome their present miseries.

Sree Chaitanya College in 1956

Sree Chaitanya College in 1956

But their dream would have never been realised without the initiative of the Habra Siksha Parishad and kind patronage of Government of West Bengal under the legendary Chief Minister, the late Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy. However, the project was given a proper shape by the youngest Minister in the Roy-Cabinet, the late Tarun Kanti Ghosh, who was also an MLA from Habra. The College began its journey in the premises of Habra High School; then shifted to site of Bangiya Christian Council; and finally to its present premises on October 5, 1958. It is a matter of prestige that in October 1958, the Government of India recognised the institution as a Degree College on sponsored basis, dedicated mainly to the education of the displaced students from the erstwhile East Pakistan, in the Intermediate and Bachelor Degree in Arts and Science, with affiliation from University of Calcutta, with effect from the academic session 1958-59.

As time rolled on, the College grew into a giant academic institution with Honours Departments in Arts and Science subjects. The College has always been blessed with a bunch of gifted teachers, with brilliant academic career, and a band of dedicated non-teaching staff, including librarians. The hard work of the whole of the College staff has helped produce generations of excellent students with very good academic results, many of whom have become university-toppers. Many of our former students have been very successful in life as school/college/university teachers; researchers in renowned institutions in India and abroad; bureaucrats and technocrats in government services or business corporations; journalists, authors and theatre personalities of repute.

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